The International Soccer League was a professional North American soccer league based in New York City in the early 1960s. In part four of PI's series on the league's forgotten history, Tom Dunmore looks at the 1961 season as rough play damaged the ISL's identity.
The question as 1961 began was how the ISL would take the next steps to embed itself into American sporting culture, and spread from its sole base so far in New York. The ISL's impresario, Bill Cox, said the league had made a small profit in 1960, despite spending a fortune bringing over teams from Europe and South America. The ISL was ready to expand its horizons.